|Version 25 (modified by 5 years ago) (diff),|
- 1. Setting up cross-compile environment
- 2. Configuring your device (N9/N950)
- 3.Running things on device
- 4. Flash back N9 to factory state
This guide will allow you to build Qt5 and WebKit2 for N9/N950 (MeeGo Harmattan), and run MiniBrowser on the device.
1. Setting up cross-compile environment
The easiest way to develop for Harmattan is to cross-compile using a sysroot. The Qt SDK already comes with a Harmattan sysroot and the required ARM toolchain, and we build on top of that to create a sysroot suitable for building Qt5 and WebKit2.
- Prepare your environment
$ mkdir ~/swork $ cd ~/swork
Note: This base directory is just an example used in this guide. You're free to change where you keep your sources and builds (shadow-builds), as long as you account for that when running the various commands.
- Download and install the Qt SDK from http://qt.nokia.com/downloads/
Both Mac OS X and Linux X11/64-bit should work fine.
- Get some convenience-scripts used in this guide and for development
$ git clone https://github.com/resworb/scripts.git browser-scripts
- Set up custom MADDE target
This will create a new target based on the original Harmattan target that comes with the QtSDK, but with different names for the ARM-toolchain binaries, and pre-installed packages needed for Qt5 development.
- Download testfonts
$ git clone git://gitorious.org/qtwebkit/testfonts.git
- Get the source of Qt5 and WebKit
This will try to clone Qt5 and WebKit git repository to ~/swork/qt5 and ~/swork/webkit.
If you have already a local git repo for WebKit, you can speed up the process by copying its contents to ~/swork/webkit directory. After copying you should run git reset --hard HEAD on it before running clone-sources.sh . You can update the sources by running:
- Create ICECC toolchain (optional)
If you have multiple workstations configured to use ICECC, you can speed up building process significantly.
Create a toolchain for distributed building (run@host):
$ cd ~/swork $ browser-scripts/create-icecc-env.sh --environment cross
Save the printed output to a file called icecc-env.sh:
Make the script runnable and execute it before building when you need speedup.
- Build Qt5, QtComponents, and QtWebKit
$ . icecc-env.sh $ export -n QTDIR $ browser-scripts/build-sources.sh --cross-compile
If everything is right you should get similar result:
1.1 Updating build environment
If you need to update browser-scripts, run on host:
$ cd ~/swork/browser-scripts $ git reset --hard HEAD $ git pull
If you neet to update Qt5 and WebKit, run on host:
$ cd ~/swork/qt5 $ git submodule foreach --recursive git clean -fdx $ git clean -fdx $ git reset --hard HEAD $ cd ~/swork/webkit $ git clean -fdx $ git reset --hard HEAD $ cd ~/swork $ browser-scripts/update-sources.sh
2. Configuring your device (N9/N950)
Note: It's highly encouraged that you enable open mode on your device. This disables the security system on the device (AEGIS), which lets you mount (SSHF/NFS), making development a lot easier.
2.1 Enabling open mode
The retail N9 has a very stricky security system, called AEGIS. You can read about this at: Harmattan Security Guide
The only known way to disable AEGIS restrictions is flashing an alternate kernel onto N9.
This section based on
- Pached kernel: zImage-184.108.40.206-dfl61-20113701
- Original firmware 20.2011.40-4 (you can download it with NaviFirm+, or using this script on non-Windows machines.)
- Nokia flasher: flasher_3.12.1_amd64.deb
It is recommended to flash back the device to factory state. If you have any importand data on the device, back it up first or you will lose it!
Install Nokia flasher utility and download the firmware and pached kernel file to a directory.
Turn off the device and disconnect it from usb. Flash the original firmware to the device:
sudo flasher -F DFL61_HARMATTAN_20.2011.40-4_PR_LEGACY_001-OEM1-958_ARM.bin -F DFL61_HARMATTAN_20.2011.40-4.CENTRALEUROPE_EMMC_CENTRALEUROPE.bin -f
Do NOT disconnect usb cable. Do NOT restart the phone. Now, flash the pached kernel onto it:
sudo flasher -f -a DFL61_HARMATTAN_20.2011.40-4_PR_LEGACY_001-OEM1-958_ARM.bin -k zImage-220.127.116.11-dfl61-20113701
Now, your N9 is ready. Disconnect it from usb. It will start booting.
2.1. Turn on developer mode
There is a tutorial for this at http://paazio.nanbudo.fi/tutorials/qt-quick/developer-mode-in-nokia-n9
Enable developer mode: Settings / Security / Developer mode. After installation the device will do a reboot.
Change usb connection mode: Settings / Accessories / USB to "SDK" or "Always ask".
Set up wifi internet connection. Connect usb cable.
2.2. Set up device
This will set up password-less login, install missing packages, and set up SSHFS if you're running in open-mode.
From this point on you should be able to refer to the device as 'device', and the default user should be 'developer'.
2.3. Enable root login (optional)
Login as 'developer':
$ ssh email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org's password: ****** (getting this from N9 usb connection)
Switch to root (run@n9):
/home/developer $ devel-su Password: rootme
You can create permanent password for default user 'user' (run@n9):
~ # passwd user New password: password Re-enter new password: password
Enable root login on ssh (run@n9):
~ #vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config PermitRootLogin yes
After saving sshd_config, modify default ssh options (run@n9):
~ #echo -e 'mkdir -m 0755 -p /var/run/sshd\nexec /usr/sbin/sshd $SSHD_OPTS' >> /etc/default/ssh ~ #pkill -9 /usr/sbin/sshd
Now you can access your N9 as root over ssh. Be careful: it is a huge security risc. (run@host)
$ ssh -X email@example.com Password: rootme
Maybe you should change default root password, too.
3.Running things on device
The best option is to mount your host on the device using either NFS or SSHFS (the latter is preferred). The alternative is to rsync files over.
3.1a Mounting SSHFS
If you ran the
setup-device.sh script with an open mode kernel, you should now have your host available at
/mnt/host, as well as your home directory available.
3.1b Transfer files with rsync
With rsync you can deploy the files to the device.
- (ext4)/home/user - 1GB
- (vfat)/home/user/MyDocs - 4.3GB
Download rsync for N9
Scp rsync installer to N9 as root (run@host):
$ scp rsync_3.0.9-1.0~rzr1_armel.deb root@device:./ $ ssh root@device RM696-40-4_PR_001:~# dpkg -i rsync_3.0.9-1.0~rzr1_armel.deb RM696-40-4_PR_001:~# exit $
Create public key for ssh connection, if you don't have it already (run@host):
$ ssh-keygen -t rsa
Copy public key to N9 (run@host):
$ ssh user@device "mkdir .ssh" $ scp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub user@device:./.ssh/authorized_keys
Now, you don't have to enter password for 'user' when you connect to N9.
Initialize directory tree for Qt and WebKit files (run@host):
Sync files to device:
This script will execute ./testfonts-rsync.sh, ./qt5-rsync.sh, ./webkit-tests-rsync.sh and ./webkit-build-rsync.sh. This can take some time on first run, so get some coffee or have a lunch.
If you don't want to transfer LayoutTests to N9, then you should use ./all-rsync.sh --no-layout-tests. Without this argument rsync always does re-transfer on LayoutTests because of the vfat filesystem's limitation.
3.2. Running MiniBrowser
3.2.1. Environment variables
Now create script for setting environment variables (run@host):
ssh firstname.lastname@example.org "echo 'export QTDIR=/home/user/swork/qt5/qtbase' > n9env.sh; \ echo 'export QT_IMPORT_PATH=/home/user/swork/qt5/qtbase/imports' >> n9env.sh; \ echo 'export QML_IMPORT_PATH=/home/user/swork/qt5/qtbase/imports' >> n9env.sh; \ echo 'export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/home/user/swork/qt5/qtbase/lib:/home/user/swork/qtwebkit-webkit2-dev-builddir-armel-m6/Release/lib' >> n9env.sh; \ echo 'export QT_PLUGIN_PATH=/home/user/swork/qt5/qtbase/plugins' >> n9env.sh; \ echo 'export QT_QPA_PLATFORM_PLUGIN_PATH=/home/user/swork/qt5/qtbase/plugins/platforms' >> n9env.sh; \ echo 'export QT_QPA_PLATFORM=xcb' >> n9env.sh; \ echo 'export WEBKIT_TESTFONTS=/home/user/swork/testfonts' >> n9env.sh; \ echo '# export TZ=/usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Los_Angeles' >> n9env.sh; \ echo 'export PATH=/home/user/swork/qt5/qtbase/bin:$PATH' >> n9env.sh"
Load environment variables (run@n9):
3.2.2. Launch browser
4. Flash back N9 to factory state
If you want to restore the original factory state of the device or flashing went wrong you may need to flash the original firmware to the N9.
- If your device cannot boot up at all, you need to use rd-mode switch steps.
- If you re-flash your device just for clean-up, only flashing (Step 2) is required.
- If you rewrite device with EMMC binary, than all your data will be lost.
Step 1 Disconnect your N9 device from usb. To turn on rd-mode and disable lifeguard-reset run:
sudo flasher --set-rd-flags=no-lifeguard-reset --enable-rd-mode
Now connect usb cable and wait for finding the device.
Step 2 Disconnect N9 from usb.
sudo flasher -F DFL61_HARMATTAN_20.2011.40-4_PR_LEGACY_001-OEM1-958_ARM.bin -F DFL61_HARMATTAN_20.2011.40-4.CENTRALEUROPE_EMMC_CENTRALEUROPE.bin -f -R
Now connect usb cable and wait for minimum 11% battery level, than flashing will be started.
Step 3 After flashing is complet and N9 device is rebooted disconnect it from usb. Turn off rd-mode and disable lifeguard-reset:
sudo flasher --clear-rd-flags=no-lifeguard-reset --disable-rd-mode
Connect usb cable...
More about R&D mode:
If your device has hardware error (corrupted flash storage), you will get similar results as these:
Battery level 72 %, continuing. image [state progress transfer flash speed] --------------------------------------------------------------------- [x] cert-sw [finished 100 % 1 / 1 kB NA ] [x] cmt-2nd [finished 100 % 95 / 95 kB NA ] [x] cmt-algo [finished 100 % 789 / 789 kB NA ] [_] cmt-mcusw [init 0 % 1024 / 6050 kB NA ] [x] xloader [finished 100 % 23 / 23 kB NA ] [x] secondary [finished 100 % 93 / 93 kB NA ] [x] kernel [finished 100 % 2712 / 2712 kB 1271 kB/s] [_] rootfs [init 0 % 12288 / 1102340 kB NA ] ERROR: SU_GET_UPDATE_STATUS_REQ terminated with error code 1: Unknown error image [state progress transfer flash speed] --------------------------------------------------------------------- [x] cert-sw [finished 100 % 1 / 1 kB NA ] [x] cmt-2nd [finished 100 % 95 / 95 kB NA ] [x] cmt-algo [finished 100 % 789 / 789 kB NA ] [x] cmt-mcusw [finished 100 % 6050 / 6050 kB 3317 kB/s] [x] xloader [finished 100 % 23 / 23 kB NA ] [x] secondary [finished 100 % 93 / 93 kB NA ] [x] kernel [finished 100 % 2712 / 2712 kB 1271 kB/s] [f] rootfs [init 0 % 13312 / 1102340 kB NA ] Fetching error list: ======================================== bb5_rdc_cert_read failed bb5_rdc_cert_read failed bb5_rdc_cert_read failed bb5_rdc_cert_read failed bb5_rdc_cert_read failed bb5_rdc_cert_read failed mmc: Could not find device path under /sys/class/mmc_host/mmc0 mmc: Failed to init mmc block device scconf_parse_entries failed: (null) Unable to parse layout mmc: Could not remove mount directory /tmp/sudmmc9J3FtB/mnt: No such file or dir ectory mmc: Could not unlink (null): Bad address [Pipe 3] Finishing in error state with status 1