|Version 50 (modified by firstname.lastname@example.org, 4 years ago) (diff)|
Tips and Tricks for using Git with WebKit
- Update your Git install: http://code.google.com/p/git-osx-installer/
- Update your SVN install (for git-svn bindings): http://www.open.collab.net/downloads/community/
sudo apt-get install git-core
Windows users: http://code.google.com/p/msysgit/
You can also download Git binaries directly from the official site!
To checkout WebKit using git:
git clone git://git.webkit.org/WebKit.git WebKit
If you want to be able to commit changes to the Subversion repository, or just want to check out branches that aren't contained in WebKit.git, you will need track the Subversion repository. To do that, inform git-svn of the location of the WebKit SVN repository, and update the branch that git-svn uses to track the Subversion repository so that it will re-use the history that we've already cloned from git.webkit.org rather than trying to fetch it all from Subversion:
cd WebKit git svn init -T trunk http://svn.webkit.org/repository/webkit git update-ref refs/remotes/trunk origin/master
This will add the following section to your .git/config:
[svn-remote "svn"] url = http://svn.webkit.org/repository/webkit fetch = trunk:refs/remotes/trunk
You can then run the following command to have git-svn rebuild its metadata from your local repository, and to pull any recent commits from the WebKit SVN repository.
git svn fetch
If you're not tracking the Subversion repository the following command will fetch new commits from git.webkit.org:
You can then merge or rebase your local branches with origin/master to pick up the new commits.
If you are tracking the Subversion repository, this command will fetch information about new commits from Subversion, reset your local branch to match Subversion exactly, and then apply your local commits on top:
git svn rebase
If you'd like to fetch new commits from the Subversion repository without moving your local branch, you can use the following command:
git svn fetch
Commit manually through git-svn directly
If you have been granted commit access to WebKit's SVN repository it is possible to work entirely with git and to commit through git-svn, however using webkit-patch (see next section) land is encouraged since it deals with changelogs, commit logs and bugzilla for you.
After you have configured your working copy to track the Subversion repository you can:
- Create a tot_staging branch or whatever name you choose
- Apply a patch, cherry-pick a commit, or even merge a branch if it has been reviewed
- Run git svn rebase and fix any ChangeLog conflicts that might result
- Ensure the git log entry for your local commit contains an accurate copy of all the Changelog entries for your commit.
- And then when everything is ready--
git svn dcommitSince "git svn dcommit" creates a revision in the subversion repository for each local commit, you may need to squash (i.e. combine) commits to ensure that your commit to the WebKit repository will create just one revision. You can do this, for example, by using--
git rebase -i HEAD~nwhere n is the number of commits you want to see in the interactive editor. You can use git commit -a --amend for example to amend an existing local commit and avoid creating additional commits that you may need to squash later on.
As you may have guessed from step 4 above, "git svn dcommit" does not use the "commit-log-editor" setting to create a commit message to store in the remote Subversion repository. Instead it simply uses the commit message already associated to the local commit, so you need to ensure that it is an accurate copy of all your commit's Changelog entries. This is somewhat different from committing with Subversion, where "svn commit" does intervene with "commit-log-editor" to create a commit message for the remote repository.
WebKit Script support for Git
webkit-patch and check-webkit-style commands all work with git. By default all webkit-patch commands will treat all changes in your branch as a single commit (i.e. all local commits + working copy changes get uploaded/committed as a single commit). To operate on a specific commit, use --git-commit=commitish or "-g commitish". commitish can be a single commit (e.g. HEAD~1), a commit range (e.g. HEAD~3..HEAD~1, operates on HEAD~2 and HEAD~1 as a single commit) or the working copy (i.e., HEAD..).
The various scripts in WebKitTools/Scripts have been made to work pretty well with Git. Here are some of the specific things you can do with them:
- Telling the various scripts to append the git branch name to every build. This is especially useful so you don't clobber your previous branch's build when you switch branches
git config core.webKitBranchBuild (true|false) //the default is off
- Overriding the core.webKitBranchBuild setting for a specific branch
git config branch.$branchName.webKitBranchBuild (true|false)
- Using prepare-Changelog with git
WebKitTools/Scripts/prepare-ChangeLog --git-commit=$committish --git-reviewer="Foo Reviewer"
- Using resolve-ChangeLog with git. Assuming you got a conflict merging a ChangeLog file, this tool will reapply the patch using patch --fuzz=3 so that your change lands at the top of the ChangeLog file. If the patch was successfully applied, git-add is run on the ChangeLog file. Note that this tool does not change the date of the ChangeLog entry (unlike svn-apply).
WebKitTools/Scripts/resolve-ChangeLogs path/to/ChangeLog [path/to/ChangeLog ...]
- Telling Git to use resolve-ChangeLogs automatically as a merge-driver for ChangeLogs (assumes resolve-ChangeLogs is in your path)
git config merge.changelog.driver "resolve-ChangeLogs --merge-driver %O %A %B"
- Using commit-log-editor with git will automatically insert the ChangeLog entry as your commit message (assuming WebKitTools/Scripts is in your path)
git config core.editor commit-log-editorIf you want to make sure log gets regenerated from ChangeLog entry each time you modify an already existing commit, use --regenerate-log:
git config core.editor "commit-log-editor --regenerate-log"
- If you do not manually generate a ChangeLog entry and you have staged changes in your working tree, commit-log-editor will automatically generate a commit message in the WebKit ChangeLog entry format when you do 'git commit'. You can control this behaviour with the git configuration option webkitGenerateCommitMessage on a global or per-branch basis.
git config core.webkitGenerateCommitMessage (true|false) //the default is true git config branch.$branchName.webkitGenerateCommitMessage (true|false)
Misc. Tips and Tricks
- You can setup Git shell completion and branch name in your bash prompt. In your <path-to-git-source>/contrib/completion directory you will find a 'git-completion.bash' file. The command "git --exec-path" may help you determine your path to git. Follow the instructions in that file to enable shell completion. Here is a nice bash prompt for instance
PS1='\[\033[41;1;37m\]\u@\h:\[\033[40;1;33m\]\W$(__git_ps1 " (%s)")>\[\033[0m\] '
- You can set up multiple working directories to work on more than one branch at a time. In your /path/to/git/source/contrib/workdir directory you will find a 'git-new-workdir' script that can create new working directories. The usage is
./git-new-workdir <repository> <new_workdir> [<branch>]
- Colorize various git commands
git config --global color.status auto git config --global color.diff auto git config --global color.branch auto
- Important git config settings
git config --global user.name "Foo Bar" git config --global user.email "email@example.com"
- If you're using git-send-bugzilla or webkit-patch you may also want git to remember your bugzilla credentials:
git config --global bugzilla.username "firstname.lastname@example.org" git config --global bugzilla.password "yourpassword"
- You can setup your git repository to ignore the same files that are ignored in the tracked Subversion repository with: (this will take some time)
git svn show-ignore >> .git/info/exclude